Yakutsk – the capital of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). It is located in the valley of Tuymaada on the left bank of the Lena River, on its average flow and occupies an area of 122 square meters. km One of the largest ports on the Lena River and the largest city located in the permafrost zone.

On the map of the Russian regions, the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) attracts the eye immediately: it occupies nearly one fifth of the country's territory. The size of Yakutia staggers the imagination. Its area is 3083.5 thousand km ², which is slightly less than India. Among the states, Yakutia would occupy the 8th place in the world, and among the regions of all countries it has no equal in area.

Russia is the largest country in the world, occupying more than 1/8 of the land area. It extends throughout northern Asia and occupies 40% of the territory of Europe, covers 11 time zones, and is characterized by a significant variety of climatic zones and landscapes.